We grow atomically precise graphene nanostructures by bottom-up methods using halogenated – hydrocarbon building blocks. These building blocks involved in the reactions are designed in a way so that the final material, such as graphene nanoribbons  and nanoporous graphene , has a finely tuned width, edge, and doping, making it suitable for the implementation in transistors , as membranes for water desalination , gas filtering  and for the sequencing of the DNA .
The resulting graphene nanostructures are characterised by Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM) to study the topography with atomic resolution, complemented with X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to track the on-surface chemical reactions by its chemical composition. The fundamental electronic properties are characterised by Scanning Tunnelling Spectroscopy (STS).
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