Lipid metabolism plays an important role in athlete’s performance because since its metabolization during endurances allows the muscle to conserve its glycogen for intensity bouts during a race. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the intake of Panax Ginseng (PG) in athletes in the post-prandial metabolism of lipids after a fat challenge in an experimental case control study. Seventeen recreational athletes performed a fat challenge protocol two times, before and after the interval of 15 days consumption of 500mg of PG per day (two hours before physical training). The fat challenge protocol consists in an ingestion of 75 g of fat in a single dose and the measurement of blood makers of lipid metabolism (total lipids (TL), triacylglycerides (TG), cholesterol (CL), lactate (LC), uric acid (UC), glycemia (GU), blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR)) at 0, 1, 2 and 4 hours post-prandial. After the two weeks of PG treatment there was an interaction between the ingestion of PG (p<0,05) and the post-prandial levels of lipids in blood samples of all participants (area under curve of TL: -142,2; p<0,05 and TG: -62,10; p<0,05). It was also observed that PG is able to reduce fluctuations of total lipids in the blood samples during the fat challenge test (LT sd: 317,2 and 275,2).
No modifications was observed in plasmatic levels of CL, LC, UC and GU. The intake of PG during two weeks improves the metabolization of lipids after its post-prandial intake.