Employment support need of people with schizophrenia: A scoping review

2018 edition

Viviana Carmona

People with schizophrenia continue to encounter barriers to obtain a job. The aim of this scoping review was to identify and synthesize existent evidence about the employment support needs of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Five relevant databases were used: CINAHL, Medline, PsycINFO, SCOPUS and Web of Science. Additional material of potential interest was identified through the references of the retrieved articles. A manual search for publications from the three months immediately prior to the electronic search was carried out in specialized journals. Searches covered the period between 1945 and August 30, 2017 without language restrictions. Two approaches were used to display the data: descriptive analysis and thematic analysis. Twelve articles met the inclusion criteria, most of which discussed experiences of participation in individual placement and support programmes. Thematic analysis identified four support needs: personal training, a proper vocational intervention, support and encouragement, and a supportive work environment. There is a paucity of literature examining and evaluating employment support needs from the perspectives of people with schizophrenia. Future research must look beyond individual factors affecting employment outcomes to consider societal attitudes, stigma and work-related legislation.